Today we are celebrating our 72nd Independence Day. This day is very special for the nation. This day we got our freedom from the British rules after a long fight. There were many revolutionaries and freedom fighters sacrificed their life’s for this day. We have learned so much about these heroes about their struggle and fights. But their many untold stories and unsung heroes which we rarely heard of. We have listed some of the interesting and unbelievable facts behind the fight for Independence. Let’s check out Top 10 Unbelievable Facts Behind India’s Independence.
10. First To Hoist Indian Flag In Foreign Soil
On 21 August 1907, an International conference held at Stuttgart, a city in Germany. There were thousands of representatives from different countries present there. It was the occasion when the brave lady Bhikaji Rustom Cama hosted the first version of the Indian flag. A tricolor of green, saffron, and red at the bottom. It had “Vande Mataram” inscribed in it. All the representatives in the conference stood up and saluted the first flag of independent Hindustan. Her words and actions were treason for the British Raj and had they caught her, she would have been deported to Andaman’s dreaded Kala Pani jail.
9. National Flag History
Our tricolor National flag isn’t designed by Gandhiji. It was originally designed by the freedom fighter named Pingali Venkayya. There were many flags introduced in the different stages of freedom. There was a strict law in the use of fabric for the National flag. Only material which was allowed to use was “Khadi”. The Flag Code of India even states that the use of any other material may land you in trouble, with a fine and maximum of three years in prison.
8. Early Initiation Of Freedom Movement
Pandit Shyamji Krishna Varma was a Sanskrit professor at Oxford University. He was the founder of the Indian Home Rule Society, India House, and The Indian Sociologist in London. The monthly Indian Sociologist became an outlet for nationalist ideas and through the Indian Home Rule Society, he criticised the British rule in India. He launched the freedom movement in England in 1905, two decades before Gandhiji entered into freedom movement of Bharat.
7. Unsung Hero Batukeshwar Dutt
Batukeshwar Dutt a revolutionary freedom fighter. He was the bomb expert of Hindustan Socialist Republican Association. He was best known for throwing the bomb at the Central Legislative Assembly, New Delhi on April 8, 1929, along with Bhagat Singh. Despite easily escaping he choose to stay and shouted “Inquilab Zindabad”. While Bhagat Singh, Rajguru, and Sukhdev were hanged on 23 March 1931 and Dutt sentenced for life imprisonment and deported to Kala Pani. In 1942, Dutt got freedom and joined Quit India Movement even though he had contracted tuberculosis. This again landed him in jail.
6. Why 15 August Date Chooses For Freedom
Lord Mountbatten the last viceroy of India picked 15 August for the day of freedom. On the same day in 1945, Japan had surrendered to the Allied Forces at the end of World War II. India also shares its Independence with 4 other countries which are North Korea, South Korea, Bahrain and the Republic of the Congo.
5. Goa Captured By Portuguese
Whole India was fighting for the Independence from the British rule and but there was the part of the country which was ruled by the Portuguese i.e, Goa. After all the struggle and fight India gained their freedom in 1947 but not Goa, it was still ruled by the Portuguese. The country requested Portugal’s to leave the Goa but they refused to negotiate.
Later, the government took some serious steps and imposed an economic blockade on Goa. In 1961, things got heated up because Portuguese fired at Indian fishing boat, killed on the fisherman. After this action, India immediately strikes at Portuguese through air, land, and sea by the army. In resultant, General Manuel Antonio Vassalo e Silva, governor-general of Goa, signed the “instrument of surrender“. Then finally Goa got its freedom.
4. Pakistan’s Attempt To Acquire Jammu & Kashmir
As we all know our relation in our neighbor because the Jammu & Kashmir and not just us whole world knows about this issue. It all started when Muhammad Ali Jinnah the leader of the Muslim community wants a different nation for their people because he felt it will become difficult for minorities to live in the same country. The issue got heated up and Lord Mountbatten divided the nation into two parts but this wasn’t the end. Pakistan wants to acquire the Kashmir part and they sent a group of tribesmen to attack and conquer it in 1947. Lord Mountbatten also stated,” By sending its irregular troops into the state, Pakistan spoiled the whole thing”
3. National Anthem Controversy
“Jana Gana Mana” the national anthem of India carries many controversies with it. Originally it was composed by Rabindranath Tagore as “Bharoto Bhagyo Bidhata” in Bengali. One of the major controversies behind the “Jana Gana Mana” was that the Rabindranath Tagore composed and sung this to pay homage to King George V. Later in 1937, Tagore clarifies the whole through his letter saying,” neither the Fifth nor the Sixth nor any George could be the maker of human destiny through the ages. I had hailed in the song Jana Gana Mana that Dispenser of India’s destiny who guides, through all rise and fall, the wayfarers, He who shows the people the way.” Officially it was sung on 27 December 1911, on the second day of the annual session of the Indian National Congress. On 24th January 1950, the president of India Dr. Rajendra Prasad announced it as the national anthem of India.
2. Bhagat Singh Speaks 5 Languages Fluently
Bhagat Singh was born on 27 September 1907 at Banga in Lyallpur district which is now in Pakistan. He studied till the fifth class in his village school, after which his father Kishan Singh got him enrolled at the Dayanand Anglo Vedic High School in Lahore. He joined the fight for freedom at a very early age. Apart from being a rebel freedom, he was also a great philosopher. He has mastered fluency in 5 different languages which are English, Arabic, Polish, French and Swedish which also helps him to hide his identity from the Britishers.
There was a very lesser known fact about the Bhagat Singh story. Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan tries to help Bhagat Singh when he was in jail doing the hunger strike. Bhagat Singh was in the jail because of throwing bombs in the Central Legislative Assembly in New Delhi in 1929. Even that time Jinnah was present in the court. They were in a hunger fast for providing them better facilities in the jail and also treat them as a political prisoner. It became difficult to proceed normal trial. The British allowed the court to proceed with the case even in the absence of the accused.
In 1929, Jinnah took the stand in Bombay City Assembly saying, “Well, you know perfectly well that these men are determined to die. It is not a joke. I ask the honorable law member to realize that it is not everybody who can go on starving himself to death. Try it for a little while and you will see…. The man who goes on a hunger strike has a soul. He is moved by that soul and he believes in the justice of his cause; he is not an ordinary criminal who is guilty of a cold-blooded, sordid, wicked crime”
1. Nehru Was Not Elected For First Prime Minister
Jawaharlal Nehru was the first prime minister of India but many documents and facts in the past states that he wasn’t the first choice for the position. It was time when Maulana Azad was the president of the Congress party because of the “Quit India Movement“ and many of the Congress leaders were in jails. He continued as Congress president until April 1946. It was becoming clear that India is not very far to get their freedom. And it was also very clear that the Congress president will form the government at the center.
Gandhiji was in the favor for Nehru to become the president of Congress and also the first prime minister of India. But the other Congress members want Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel to be elected as Congress president and prime minister because of his great executive, organizer and leadership skills.
Only Pradesh Congress committees have the right to nominate and elect the president. 12 out of 15 members voted for Sardar Patel and other 3 not even participated in the nomination. However, Nehru was proposed by the few members who didn’t have the authority to do so. To resolve the whole issue Gandhiji said to Nehru,” No PCC has put forward your name…only [a few members of] the working committee has” But Nehru did not agree to accept the second position in the command. So, Gandhiji asked Patel to withdraw. Later, Dr. Rajendra Prasad the first president of India lamented that Gandhiji “had once again sacrificed his trusted lieutenant for the sake of the “glamorous Nehru” and further feared that “Nehru would follow the British ways”
We are wishing Happy Independence Day to everyone. That’s our Top 10 unbelievable facts behind India’s Independence. Let us know how you liked our article. Your feedback is valuable to us.